MEHRGARH; WORLD'S OLDEST CITY 7000 BC
The oldest known civilization? Surely an exaggeration! Not so: the oldest excavated parts of Mehrgarh (which admittedly does not represent the High Summer of the Indus civilization but its long-lasting early Spring) have been dated to around 9,000 years before the present. By comparison, the earliest Egyptian pharaoh known by name, Nar'mer, is thought to have ruled in ancient Egypt around 5,100 years before the present. Mehrgarh was discovered and excavations begun by a French team led by Jean-François Jarrige; the site was excavated continuously between 1974 and 1986.Very few of us know about Mehrgarh near Bolan Pass Quetta - Balochistan.Mehrgarh is probably the oldest site with distinct proofs that it existed in 7OOO B.C and lived on farming of barley ,maize,wheat and dates . They also raised cattle. For over 9000 years, the city Mehrgarh one of the oldest, structured settlements ever discovered, the people who lived in Mehrgarh lived in the homes of the first stone in the world, increased barley first and worked the first goat and sheep. Mehrgarh historically marked the beginning of "Stone Age", otherwise known as the New Stone Age, "a very important step in our common history, marking the beginning of organized society.As excavations progress was more evidence, it seems, a big Mehgarh certification planned urban environment existed for thousands of years. Mehrgarh was equipped with a water supply, sanitation, markets, shops, hospitals, even in the first registered dentist in the world! But perhaps the most remarkable vision, dental hygiene aside, was presented to inventory, copper, old track in the world on the cutting edge of human ability to work metals.Suddenly, in relation to mankind is another area of human evolution, marked Mehrgarh people with their extraordinary innovations in the industry of our first transitional form in the "Stone Age" to "Bronze Age" or "Copper Age". As copper increasingly exposed and bronze objects from the city funds were also shown that the artisans Mehrgarh very skilled in the art, particularly sculpture and jewelry.Jewelry and metal casting work in excavation Mehrgarh proved beyond doubt that the people who were there far more advanced than any civilization for thousands of years lived. Terms of amazing foresight, were found in jewelers and metalworkers Mehrgarh devices such as drills, used stone and copper, rising ovens, stoves, sinks, and a melting pot of brass works from the merger Forge equipped workshops, a bit like a modern "work.During the excavation of ancient tombs have been in and around the walls, an abundance of ornaments and jewelry were justified. Tombs, the largest sums were spent on the artifacts people with complex products, such as figurines of bronze and terracotta women and animals, baskets, tools, beads, bracelets, pendants and necklaces. Most of the jewelry found precious stones such as lapis lazuli, carnelian, agate, turquoise, shells and pearls. These stones can not be in the region, which show that the artisans Mehrgarh talks over a large area with lapis lazuli and copper from the mountains of Afghanistan, agate and carnelian from Gujarat in India and shellfish, and pearls southern coast of Pakistan on the Arabian Peninsula, Wed The artifacts from Mehrgarh are far more advanced and developed as compared to those obtained from excavations in Turkey and Middle East especially Jericho.• The most unique discovery is the first known origin of the dental surgery and related medicinal activities exercised in Mehrgarh area. The discovery proves the great innovative mind and developmental level of those people about 9000 years ago.• Mehrgarh was also a centre of manufacture for various figurines and pottery that were distributed to surrounding regions. These products are of a high quality given the circumstances and the time they were fabricated.• No other civilisation in any other part of the world existed then; what to speak of a level of perfection in the art and craft elsewhere.