The Battle of Stalingrad (July 17, 1942-Feb. 2, 1943), was the successful defense of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in Russia. during World War II. Russians consider it to be the greatest battle of their Great Patriotic War (WWII), and most historians consider it to be the greatest battle of the entire war. It stopped the German advance into Russia and marked the turning of the tide of war in favor of the Allies. The Battle of Stalingrad was the largest and bloodiest battle in history, with combined military and civilian casualties on both sides of nearly 2 million.