a 1960 Polish film directed by Aleksander Ford based on the novel of the same name by Henryk Sienkiewicz.
The plot is situated in the late-14th century and early-15th century Poland and centers around the Polish–Lithuanian–Teutonic War and the Battle of Grunwald and the events leading up to the battle. 15,000 extras were employed to create the battle scenes.
It was released on 15 July 1960, the 550th anniversary of the battle of Grunwald.
The Battle of Grunwald or 1st Battle of Tannenberg was fought on July 15 1410, during the Polish–Lithuanian Teutonic Wars.
The battle was one of the largest battles ever fought in Medieval Europe and is regarded as the most important victory in the history of Poland and Lithuania.
Famous knights from all over Europe as far away as England came to help the Teutonic Knights. The Mongols of the Golden Horde sent horse archers and cavalry to help the Polish–Lithuanian army in the fight. Russian heavily armed infantry from Smolensk also helped the Polish–Lithuanian side in the battle.
The alliance of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, led respectively by King Jogaila and Grand Duke Vytautas, decisively defeated the Teutonic Knights. Who were led by Grand Master Ulrich Von Jungingen. Most of the Teutonic Knights' leadership were killed or taken prisoner. The outcome was totally one sided, the Polish–Lithuanian army suffered 100 knights and 4,000 infantry killed, and the Teutonic Knights 400 knights, 8,000 infantry killed, 14,000 taken prisoner and 100 cannons captured. According to the Teutonic payroll records, only 1,427 men reported back to Malbork to claim their pay.
While defeated, the Teutonic Knights withstood the siege of their fortress, Malbork, and suffered only minimal territorial losses at the Peace of Thorn in 1411. Territorial disputes continued until the Peace of Melno was concluded in 1422.
The Teutonic Knights never recovered their former power and the financial burden of war reparations for damages inflicted on the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth caused internal conflicts and an economic downturn in their lands. The battle shifted the balance of power in Eastern Europe and marked the rise of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Grand Duchy of Moscow as the dominant political and military forces in Eastern Europe. Some of The Knight's lands eventually became possessions of Poland and some Knights became vassals of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The German State of Prussia evolved out of what was left of the knight's lands.
DVD, region 2 your DVD player must be capable of playing Pal Video, In Polish ENGLISH SUBTITLES